FAQS | Summit Bank

FAQS

Welcome to the Summit FAQs Section:

Below you’ll find some Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about banking with Summit Bank. The FAQ section is very simple to navigate through. Just click on the topic headers below to reveal the specific topic and then click on the question to see the relevant answer.

However, these guidelines shouldn’t be counted as a sole measure and comprehensive information source to know about our services; if you have any other queries, do not hesitate to call us.

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  • Islamic Banking
  • What is Islamic Banking?
    Islamic banking is defined as banking system which is in consonance with the spirit, ethos and value system of Islam and governed by the principles laid down by Islamic Shariah. While Islamic banking has a broader scope and meaning, it is generally referred to the transformation of conventional money lending system into Asset-backed financing transactions conducted by the Financial Institutions.
  • What is meant by Shariah/Islamic Law?
    Shariah lexically means a way or path. In Islam Shariah refers to the divine guidance and laws given by the Holy Quran, the Hadith (sayings) of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallalahu Alaihi Wassalam) and supplemented by the juristic interpretations by Islamic scholars. Shariah embodies all aspects of the Islamic faith, including beliefs and practices. Islamic Shariah or the divine law of Islam is derived from the following four sources:
    1. The Holy Quran
    2. The Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him)
    3. Ijma (consensus of the Ummah)
    4. Qiyas (Anology)
  • What is the philosophy of Islamic banking?
    The philosophy of Islamic banking takes the lead from Islamic Shariah. According to Islamic Shariah, Transactions involving interest/riba, Gharar and Maiser are prohibited. Moreover, they cannot deal in any transaction, the subject matter of which is invalid (haram in the eyes of Islam). Islamic banks focus on generating returns through investment tools which are also Shariah compliant. Islamic Shariah links the gain on capital with its performance. Operating within the ambit of Shariah, the operations of Islamic banking are based on sharing the risk which may arise through trading and investment activities using contracts of various Islamic modes of finance.
  • Riba, Gharar & Maiser
    Riba: An increase stipulated or sought over the principal of a loan or debt and implies any excess compensation without due consideration (consideration does not include time value of money).
    Gharar: Excessive level of uncertainty or ambiguity created due to the lack of information or control in a contract
    Maiser: Game of Chance or speculation
    Quran (Surah Al Baqarah 2:278-9)
    "O those who believe; fear Allah and give up what still remains of the Riba if you are believers. But if you do not do so, then be warned of war from Allah and His Messenger. If you repent even now, you have the right of the return of your principal; neither will you do wrong nor will you be wronged."
    It is reported by Harith ibe Abi Usamah in his Musnad that Sayyidna Ali Radi-Allahu Anhu reportedly referred that the Holy Prophet S.A.W. said:
    "Every loan that derives a benefit (to the lender) is riba".
  • Does interest/Riba is related only to consumption loans or it applies to commercial loans also?
    The interest is prohibited whether it is consumption loan (loan for meeting day to day human needs) or commercial loan (loan for business purpose). There are quite a number of ahadith which clarify that in the days of Holy prophet, people not only borrowed for consumption purposes but also for productive purposes. A few of the ahadith are given as follows for reference:
    (i) Ibn Saad has reported Hazrat Umar (Radi-Allahu anhu), wanted to send a trade caravan to Syriya. He borrowed four thousand dirhams from Sayyidna Abdurrahman ibn Awaf (Radi-Allahu anhu), for this purpose.
    (ii) Ibn Jarrir has reported that Hind, daughter of Utbah and wife of Abu Sufyan borrowed four thousand dirhams from Sayyidna Umar (Radi-Allahu anhu), for the purpose of her trade. She invested this money in purchasing goods and selling them in the market of the tribe of Kalb.
    This is an ample testimony that the commercial loan was in practice when Quranic verses on Riba were revealed and the term Riba covers not only consumption loan but also the commercial loan.
  • Differentiating features of Islamic and conventional banking
    Conventional Banking Islamic Banking
    The functions and operating modes of conventional banks are based on man-made principles. The functions and operating modes of Islamic banks are based on the principles of Shariah i.e. the divine guidance.
    Money is treated as a commodity, besides medium of exchange and store of value. Therefore, it can be sold at a price higher than its face value and it can also be rented out. Money is not regarded as a commodity, though it is used as a medium of exchange and store of value. Therefore, it cannot be sold at a price higher than its face value or rented out.
    Conventional banking practices are concerned with the elimination of risk. Reward should be a consequence of undertaking a risk. It's all about risk taking and risk sharing.
    The investor is assured of a predetermined rate of interest. In contrast, it promotes risk sharing between provider of capital (investor) and the user of funds (entrepreneur).
    Time value is the basis for charging interest on capital. Profit on trade of goods or charging on providing service is the basis for earning profit.
    Interest is charged even in case the organization suffers losses by using bank's funds. Therefore, it is not based on profit and loss sharing. Islamic bank operates on the basis of profit and loss sharing. In case, the businessman has suffered losses, the bank will share these losses based on the mode of finance used (Modaraba, Musharaka).
    While disbursing cash finance, running finance or other working capital finance, no agreement for exchange (trade) of goods and services is made. The execution of agreements for the exchange of goods and services is a must, while disbursing funds under Murabaha, Salam and Istisna contracts (Trade-base transactions).
    Conventional banks use money as a commodity which leads to inflation. Islamic banking tends to create link with the real sectors of the economic system by using trade related activities. Since, the money is linked with the real assets therefore it contributes directly in the economic development.
    The status of a conventional bank, in relation to its clients, is that of creditors and debtors. The status of Islamic bank in relation to its clients is that of partners, investors and trader, buyer and seller, as well as, lessor and lessee.
    Involvement of economic activities involving speculation and gambling elements (Gharar). Islamic banking transactions are Gharar-free transactions. It ensures mutual benefit, covering and spreading risks of both counter parties to the contract by making each one's obligations clear at the outset.
    It can charge additional money (penalty and compounded interest) in case of defaults. The Islamic banks have no provision to charge any extra money from the defaulters. Instead an amount of payment is charged and these proceeds are given to charity.
    Conventional banks do not discourage the production of goods and services in any way which contradict the Islamic values. On the other hand, Islamic banks do not provide any assistance and strictly discourages the production of goods and services which are against the Islamic values (Haram).
  • The end result of Islamic Banking and Conventional Banking is the same. Why do they appear similar?
    The validity of a transaction does not depend on the end result but rather the process and activities executed and the sequence thereof in reaching the end. If a transaction is done according to the rules of Islamic Shariah it is halal even if the end result of the product may look similar to conventional banking product.
    For example a normal McDonalds burger in USA and Pakistan may look similar, smell similar and taste similar but the former is haram and the later is halal due to its compliance of Islamic guidelines of slaughtering animals. Similarly, if a person is feeling hungry, he may steal a piece of bread and eat or alternatively buy a piece of bread to eat. The apparent end result would be same but one is permissible in Shariah and the other is not allowed. The same is also true for Islamic and conventional banking. Therefore, it can be concluded that it is the underlying transaction that makes something 'Halal' (allowed) or 'Haram' (prohibited) and not the result itself. Apparently, Islamic banks may look similar to conventional banks, however the contracts and product structures used by Islamic banks are quite different from that of the conventional bank. In the verse 2:275 of the Holy Quran, Allah the Almighty has responded to the apparent similarity between trade and interest by resolutely informing that he has permitted trade and prohibited Riba (though they may look similar to someone).
  • If Islamic banks do not invest in interest based activities then how do they generate profit to pay to their customers?
    The Islamic bank uses its funds in various trade, investment and service related Shariah compliant activities and earns profit thereupon. The profit earned from such activities is passed on to the depositors according to the agreed terms.
  • Are not Islamic banks just paying interest and dressing it as profit on trade and investments?
    No, Islamic banks accept the deposits either on profit and loss sharing basis or on Qard basis. These deposits are deployed in financing, trading or investment activities by using the Shariah compliant modes of finance. The profit so earned by the bank is passed on to the depositors according to the pre-agreed ratio which, therefore, cannot be termed as interest.
  • Islamic banks use interest base system (KIBOR) as a Bench Mark while determining profit; how Islamic banking can be said to be Islamic?
    Islamic banks should ideally have their own benchmark system for determination of profit. Since, the industry is in its initial stage of development, it is using the available benchmark for the banking industry. It is expected that once it is grown to a sizable level, it would have its own benchmark. However, using Interest Rate benchmark for determining the profit of any permissible transaction does not render the transaction as invalid or haram. It is the nature/mechanism of the transaction that determines its validity or otherwise.
    For example Mr. A and Mr. B are two neighbors. Mr. A sells liquor which is totally prohibited in Islam whereas Mr. B, being a practicing Muslim dislikes the business of Mr. A and starts the business of soft drinks. Mr. A wants his business to earn as much profit as Mr. A earns through trading in liquor. Therefore he decides that he will charge the same rate of profit from his customers as Mr. A charges over the sale of liquor. Thus he has tied up his rate of profit with the rate used by Mr. A in his prohibited business. One may say that Mr. B uses an undesirable benchmark in determining the rate of profit, but obviously no one can say that the profit charged by him is haram because he has used the rate of profit of the business of liquor only as a benchmark. The same is true for Islamic banks, it is most desirable and preferable that Islamic banks develop their own benchmark however; in the absence of any such alternative, interest rate related benchmark can be used.
  • Most widely used types of Islamic finance Contracts:
    Trade based modes

    Murabaha: A Sale- Purchase contract on mutually agreed profit in which the seller disclosed the cost and profit separately.
    Salam: A Sale- Purchase contract where the seller agrees to supply goods to the buyer at a future date in exchange of an advance price fully paid at the time of contract.
    Istisna: A Sale- Purchase contract for manufactured goods / constructed assets, whereby payment is generally made in advance. The goods are eventually sold in market to earn profit.
    Lease based modes

    Ijarah: A Rental contract where Assets , Services / Benefits are rented/ rendered over a period.
    Ijarah Muntahia Bittamleek: A form of Ijarah which includes a promise by the lessor to transfer the ownership of the leased asset to the lessee, either at the end of the lease term or in stages during the term of the contract.
    Diminishing Musharakah: It is a form of partnership in which one of the partner's promises to buy the equity share of the other partner gradually until the title to the equity is completely transferred to him. Till the time ownership is completely transferred the other partner pays rent for the usufructs of the Asset in his/ her use
    Participatory modes

    Musharaka: A relationship established under a mutually agreed contract between the parties for sharing of profits and losses arising from a joint entrepreneurship or venture.
    Modaraba: A participatory mode of finance where one party provides the capital (Rabul-Maal) while the other provides human capital (i.e. entrepreneurship and efforts) needed for the economic activity to be undertaken. Profit earned is shared between the two parties on a pre-agreed ratio, while loss is borne only by the provider of the capital.
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  • What is Summit Bank Internet Banking?
    Internet Banking is a simple, convenient and secure method of accessing bank accounts on the Internet. It has never been so easy to access and manage your finances in a secure, real-time, online environment - anywhere, anytime.
  • Who is Internet Banking for?
    Internet Banking is for any Summit Bank account holder with Internet access.
  • What can I do with Internet Banking?
    Using Internet Banking, you can access your Summit Bank account 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. At the touch of a button, you can keep a close eye on your account balance, print account statements, pay bills, transfer funds and much more.
  • How can I register for Internet Banking?
    You can register in the following ways:
    • Online registration through the website.
    • Registration through Contact Center by calling 0800-24365.
    • Registration at any Summit Bank branch
  • How can I register online?
    Go to www.summitbank.com.pk and click Retail Internet Banking. On the Internet Banking page, click Register Now. You will be directed to a registration form, where you can simply follow the instructions and register yourself for Internet Banking.
  • How can I register through the Contact Center?
    Dial our Contact Center at 0800-24365, and one of our agents will register you for this service.
  • How can I register at a Summit Bank branch?
    You can walk in at any Summit Bank branch and ask the branch staff to register you for Internet Banking.
  • Are there any additional fees for becoming an Internet Banking user?
    Internet Banking is a free service for our customers. Charges may apply on some transactions as specified in the bank's Schedule of Charges.
  • How can a customer send Offline Request for Registration?
    A separate link will be provided at Summit Bank Internet Banking for a Summit Bank customer who is a non-card-holder to initiate an offline request for registration. On this request form, the customer will be asked for:
    • CNIC
    • Account Number
    • Email Address
    Such a request will be logged at system and a Call Center agent will make call to the customer.
  • What activities can an unregistered user perform?
    • Initiate an Online Registration Process (only existing Summit Bank Customer)
    • Apply for Loans (Non-Customer)
    • Account Opening Request (Non-Customer)
  • What activities can a registered user perform?
    • View account balances & statements.
    • Funds transfers within Summit Bank, as well as to other banks
    • Utility bill & mobile bill payments and Mobile Recharge
    • Register complaints
    • Order VISA debit card(s)
    • Manage card limits & status
    • And more....
  • How do I download my statement for use in Excel or Portable Document Format (PDF)?
    To download a statement for use in Excel or PDF, simply select Mini Statement or Full Statementfrom the Accounts tab on the left hand side. From here you can select the appropriate account, format and date range. View the statement and then click on Excel or PDF for download in the format youwant. Click Printer Friendly for printing immediately.
  • What is a secret question?
    You will be asked to choose and answer three secret questions at registration. In case of a forgottenpassword, you will be asked one of these three secret questions at random. The corresponding secret answer must be correctly entered to log in to the application.
  • Where should I call in case of a query related to Summit Bank e-Banking services?
    Call our Contact Center at 0800-24365. International users: Dial +92-213-2463516.
  • How do I log out from the site?
    The log out link will be present at the top of all pages of the Internet Banking site. You may click on this link anytime to log out.
  • What happens if my session is inactive for a period of time?
    You will be automatically logged out from Internet Banking, and the session will be terminated. You will have to log in again to continue.
  • What do I do if I forget my password?
    By clicking on the Forgot Password link on the password entry page, you will be asked to answer one of the three secret questions you selected during registration.
  • What do I do if I want to reset my password?
    The Reset Password option facilitates recovering a password in case a user is unable to recall it and hence cannot login. A Reset Password link will be present on the Password Entry screen during Login.
  • What do I do if I forget my secret question?
    On the Forgot Password page, a Forgot Secret Answer link is available. Clicking on this link will prompt you to confirm your user ID, and an email containing your password and secret answers will be sent to your registered email address.
  • Do I need multiple Internet Banking user IDs for multiple accounts?
    No. You can use your single ID and password to manage multiple Summit Bank accounts registered to your CNIC.
  • Can I view my VISA debit card transaction details through my Internet Banking account?
    Yes, you can see all transaction details of your VISA debit card online.
  • Can I change the status of my VISA debit card through my Internet Banking account?
    Yes, you can change the status of your VISA debit card online. Cards can be one of the following statuses at any given moment:
    • Cold (Active)
    • Warm (Inactive)
    • Hot (Permanently blocked)
    Internet Banking allows you to change your card status from Warm to Cold, and vice versa. However,you cannot activate your card online. Your card status cannot be changed if the card is marked Hot.
  • Can I transfer funds to other bank accounts through Internet Banking?
    Yes, you can transfer funds to your own account within Summit Bank, or in another bank. Additionally,you can transfer funds to another beneficiary account within or outside Summit Bank. All these options are conveniently available on your Internet Banking profile.
  • Can I pay my bills online?

    Yes. Through the Bill Payment feature, you can initiate an online transaction to pay the following typesof bills:

    • Utility bills (e.g. electricity, gas, etc.)
    • Mobile bills (Postpaid)
    • Credit card bills

    You can also request prepaid mobile PINs online as part of our Mobile Recharge service. Any PIN your request will be sent to you over SMS to your registered mobile number.

  • How long will it take to credit my bill at the billing company after I,ve paid online?
    Normally, it takes less than 30 minutes for the billing company to give you credit. If it has been more than a day and you have not been credited, please call our Contact Center for assistance.
  • What is an FPIN?
    FPIN is a Financial PIN which must be entered when executing certain transactions, including all financial transactions. You can submit an FPIN generation request once you are an Internet Banking user, and it will be communicated to you through both an email, and an SMS.
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Last Updated 2017-10-16


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